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Archive for April, 2014

st_joseph_the_worker

Kirk Kramer sent me this. You know Kirk, right? No? I thought everyone did. But, it occurs to me,  younger people may not know him as he, a sort of Catholic quasi-luddite, abstains from social media and rarely visits blogs. What he does is post things to a Yahoo Group. By this quaint means of communication his friends are treated to choice readings on a variety of topics. I had not read Rerum Novarum in a really long time, and was struck by how relevant it is to our day. Once, when economic inequality was not so great and unions were more powerful, this encyclical appeared a little dated. No more. Here are excerpts, as ordered and subtitled by Fr Vincent McNabb, OP, and printed by Douglas Peplar at Ditchling, Sussex, in 1919:

Pope Leo XIII on the condition of the working classes: from RERUM NOVARUM:

THE EVIL
The condition of the working people is the pressing question of the
hour; and nothing can be of higher interest to all classes of the
State than that it should be rightly and reasonably adjusted.
All agree, and there can be no question whatever, that some remedy
must be found, and found quickly, for the misery and wretchedness
pressing so heavily and so unjustly on the vast majority of the
working classes.

NATURE OF THE EVIL –
A FEW RICH AND MANY POOR
The result of civil change and revolution has been to divide society
into two widely differing castes.
On the one hand is the party which holds power because it holds
wealth; which has in its grasp the whole of labor and trade; which
manipulates for its own benefit and its own purposes all the sources
of supply, and which is even represented in the councils of the State
itself.
On the other side are the needy and powerless multitude, broken down
and suffering.

THE CAUSES OF POVERTY
It has come to pass that working men have been surrendered, all
isolated and helpless, to the hard-heartedness of employers and the
greed of unchecked competition.
The mischief has been increased by rapacious usury, which, although
more than once condemned by the Church, is nevertheless under a
different guise, but with the like injustice, still practiced by
covetous and grasping men. To this must be added the custom of
working by contract and the concentration of so many branches of trade
in the hands of a few individuals; so that a small number of very rich
men have been able to lay upon the teeming masses of the laboring poor
a yoke little better than that of slavery itself.

THE CHURCH WISHES THE EVIL TO END
Neither must it be supposed that the solicitude of the Church is so
preoccupied with the spiritual concerns of her children as to neglect
their temporal and earthly interests.
Her desire is that the poor shall rise above poverty and wretchedness
in life; and for this she makes a strong endeavor.

WORK MAKES WEALTH
All human existence is derived either from labor on one’s own land, or
from some toil.
It may be truly said that it is only by the labor of working men that
states grow rich.

RIGHTS MUST BE SAFEGUARDED BY STATE
Rights must be religiously respected wherever they exist. It is the
duty of the public authority to prevent and to punish injury and to
protect everyone in the possession of his own.

THE RIGHT NOT TO BE SWEATED
Religion teaches the wealthy owner and the employer that their
workpeople are not be accounted their bondsmen; . . . that it is
shameful and inhuman to treat men like chattels to make money by, or
to look upon them merely as so much muscle or physical labor.
The rich must religiously refrain from cutting down the workmen’s
earnings, whether by force or fraud or by usurious dealings; and with
all the greater reason because the laboring man is, as a rule, weak
and unprotected, and because his slender means should, in proportion
to their slenderness, be accounted sacred.

THE RIGHT TO LIVE BY WORK
The preservation of life is the bounden duty of all.
It follows that each one has a right to procure what is required in
order to live; and the poor can procure it in no other way than
through work and wages.

THE RIGHT TO A LIVING WAGE
A workman’s wages should be sufficient to enable him to maintain
himself, his wife, and his children in reasonable comfort.

THE RIGHT TO THE FULL RESULT OF LABOR
It is just and right that the results of labor should belong to those
who have bestowed their labor.

THE RIGHT TO ASSOCIATION [that is LABOR UNIONS]
The State is bound to protect natural rights, not to destroy them.
And if it forbid its citizens to form associations, it contradicts the
very principle of its own existence, for both they and it exist in
virtue of the like principle, namely the natural tendency of man to
dwell in society.

THE WORK-FOLK’S SPECIAL RIGHT TO PROTECTION
When there is a question of defending the rights of individuals, the
poor and helpless have a claim to special consideration.
The richer class have many ways of shielding themselves, and stand
less in need of help from the State; whereas those who are badly off
have no resources of their own to fall back upon, and must chiefly
depend upon the assistance of the State. And it is for this reason
that wage-earners, who are undoubtedly among the weak and necessitous,
should be especially cared for and protected by government.

BAD LAWS ARE NO LAWS
Human law is law only by virtue of its accordance with right reason.
Thus it is manifest that it flows from eternal law.
Insofar as it deviates from right reason it is called an unjust law.
In such a case it is no law at all; but rather a species of violence.

OWNERSHIP IS STEWARDSHIP
Man should not consider his outward possessions as his own, but as
common to all; so as to share them without hesitation when others are
in need.
Whoever has received from the Divine Bounty a large share of temporal
blessings, whether they be external and corporeal or gifts of the
mind, has received them for the purpose of using them for the
perfecting of his own nature and, at the same time, that he may employ
them as the steward of God’s Providence for the benefit of others.

THE STATE CAN CONTROL PROPERTY
The right to possess private property is derived from nature, not from
man; and the State has the right to control its use in the interests
of the public good alone, but by no means to absorb it altogether.

WHAT GOD HAS DONE –
WHAT THE STATE MUST DO
God has granted the earth to mankind in general, not in the sense that
all without distinction can deal with it as they like, but rather that
no part of it has been assigned to anyone in particular, and that the
limits of private possession have been left to be fixed by man’s own
industry, and by the laws of individual races.

SMALL OWNERS
The law therefore should favor ownership; and its policy should be to
induce as many as possible of the humbler classes to become owners.

THE DUTY OF THE CHURCH
Every minister of holy religion must bring to the struggle the full
energy of his mind and all his power of endurance. . . . They should
never cease to urge upon men of every class, upon the high-placed as
well as the lowly, the Gospel doctrines of Christian life; by every
means in their power they must strive to secure the good of the
people; and above all must earnestly cherish in themselves, and try to
arouse in others, charity, the mistress and queen of virtues.

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Justice, Spring, Hell

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* We live in a time of vast wealth on a planet of surpassing beauty and abundance. There is more than enough for everyone on the earth to live a decent life, in comfort. The problem is that a tiny percentage of humans have taken almost everything for themselves, even though they owe their riches to the labor of the many. This is not complicated: ‘the earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof”, as the Scriptures say. Everything is destined for everyone, in God’s will. This is called the ‘universal destination of goods’ in Catholic social teaching, and property rights are subservient to this common good. In regard to corporate wealth paying workers low wages: it is a sin and a crime for a corporation which makes a huge profit, whose CEO makes millions a year, to pay its workers less than a living wage. A sin and a crime! Little children must learn to share, even if they are unwilling. Same thing for the ruling class.

* And for those who object that paying a living wage is just too hard for small businesses: 85% of small businesses pay more than minimum wage. 66% of minimum wage workers work for a large corporation. For the 15%  of small businesses who say they cannot afford to pay minimum wage, perhaps a wage subsidy? Or mandatory profit sharing to offset the low wage? We can work this out. Here is the very impressive Senator Elizabeth Warren:

* Yesterday was my first day back to work after a two week vacation. This vacation was to consist of attendance at all the Holy Week services, with a lot of day hikes in the Mohican State Forest and the Cuyahoga National Park. But on the last day of work, with only a few deliveries left, I was walking along, enjoying the spring day, when my right knee suddenly popped. An intense pain hit me as my knee buckled, and I grew dizzy. I got my bearing and  limped badly as I delivered the five remaining houses, every step excruciating. I got to the doctor a couple of days later. She told me to change my hiking plans, as I had a torn ligament. The vacation was anticlimactic, though I did finish an icon I had been working on for ages, and started another painting (the first non-icon I have done in years). I did not make it to any Holy Week liturgies, and ended up just going to the Easter Mass at one of the local Roman parishes. I was more than a little concerned that I would not be able to carry the route by the time my so-called vacation ended, as my knee is still tender. But while it hurts, I did fine. Which is better than ‘light duty’, the alternative, which consists in staying indoors all day and answering the phone. Might have been fine in February, but it is Spring and I want to be out with the birds and the bees and the flowers and the trees.

* Speaking of Spring: never ever have I been so gratified by the sight of every new thing that shoots up from the earth or blossoms or buzzes by my ear. When I was a young pantheist my instinct was to worship such beauty. Now, I just cross myself whenever I am struck by the glory that is manifest in creation, and thank the great and mysterious Being we call ‘God” for sharing this Being with us.

* Emmylou Harris’ (and Daniel Lanois’)  Wrecking Ball has replaced Nick Drake’s Five Leaves Left as my all time favorite album. Mr Lanois’ densely textured aural landscape and evocative rhythms are the perfect accompaniment to Emmylou’s voice, which has only improved as she has grown older. She can express so much in a breathy sigh or a pining wail that it is almost terrifying.

* We have been talking about hell and mercy and holiness here lately. The one thing to remember when pondering these things:

In the End, God will give everyone exactly what they want.

(Painting by Cassandra Tondro)

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Covers

I usually do not like cover songs. They rarely are as good as the original, but there are a handful of covers that transform a song, that find hidden within the original potentialities that the songwriter probably never intuited at all.

The all time classic example of this is what Jimi Hendrix did with Bob Dylan’s “All Along the Watchtower”. Here is Dylan’s original, a simple and straightforward (and powerful) tune:

And here it is, transfigured by Hendrix:

But did you know that Daniel Lanois did something comparable with a Hendrix song? The tune was “May This Be Love”, from Are You Experienced?, Hendrix’s first album. It was a sweet song, though not one of the best or best known. Here is Hendrix’ version:

And here is what Lanois did with it:

 

There is also a very fine version of this on Emmylou Harris’ album Wrecking Ball, but I could only find a not very clear live version of it (and Emmylou is someone who consistently offers great versions of songs she did not write).

And yes, we are on a first name basis.

Personally, I think if you cannot do something like this, like what Hendrix did with Dylan, or Lanois did with Hendrix, or what Emmylou does with just about everything she touches,  you should not even bother recording other people’s songs….

 

 

 

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fabio nonesI really cannot say anything better about the canonizations, on the Feast of Divine Mercy, than what John Allen says here:

http://www.bostonglobe.com/news/world/2014/04/26/francis-accents-unity-with-halos-for-superstar-popes/5lXcn1xcWkg5wDkKM9iIgL/story.html

Icon by Fabio Nones.

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Meet the Relic

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That would be me.

In 1988 I kissed Pope John Paul II’s ring while in Rome with my Franciscan community. Sunday he will be canonized. That makes me a second class relic, right?

No, you can’t kiss me, put me in your pocket, or stuff me in a reliquary.

The canonization of John Paul and “Good Pope John” is driving the Super Catholics crazy. It has become a new “development of doctrine” among the Catholic Remnant that canonizations are not infallible. Not quite sure how one figures that, if the successor of St Peter has the keys of heaven. Not that canonization is an endorsement of everything the saint ever did. As Fr Benedict once said “You can go to hell imitating the vices of the saints.” As for me, flawed saints are proof that God sets a pretty low standard, and salvation is near-universal. Asshole saints (not that John or John Paul are remotely assholes) are a sign of hope.

But what the hyper-traditionalists really object to is the “canonization” of Vatican II. The Council is now definitively a part of Catholic tradition, and there is no turning back. The crazy days of liturgical and doctrinal chaos are over -and were themselves signs of how badly renewal was needed- and with the pontificate of Francis we can now be about the work of returning to the heart of the gospel and of challenging the structures of injustice.

Photo, left to right: St John Paul, Fr Benedict Groeschel, now-Fr Stanley Fortuna, moi, my fellow postulant George, Fr Glen Sudano.

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Infinities

Iliohoos Yoga Meditation Pilion Greece Drop Of Water 3

I ran across this story the other day; it is not new, except to me. Robert Krulwich, a science writer at NPR, was discussing the book Spectrums: Our Mind-boggling Universe from Infinitesimal to Infinity, by David Blatner, and he related a question the author had posed: is the sum total of grains of sand on the planet Earth greater or smaller than the number of stars in the sky? Not, of course, just the stars we can see, which even on a clear night in a dark place ‘only’ number in the thousands. No, he was talking about all the stars that can be perceived with the tools of astronomy.

Either way, the answer seemed obvious to me: there certainly must be more grains of sand on the earth than stars in the universe, right?

Wrong.

A group of researchers at the University of Hawaii very roughly ‘guesstimated’ that  ‘if you assume a grain of sand has an average size and you calculate how many grains are in a teaspoon and then multiply by all the beaches and deserts in the world, the Earth has roughly (and we’re speaking very roughly here)  ….seven quintillion, five hundred quadrillion grains.’

That is certainly a lot of sandbut astronomers estimate that there are 70 thousand million, million, million stars in the observable universe (a 2003 estimate).

That means that there are very many stars for every grain of sand on the planet.

Allow that to sink in for a moment.

And then brace yourself: Dr Blatner then mentions that just ten drops of water contain as many molecules as there are stars in the universe.

This is the sort of thing that first spurred the awe that led to my search for God, this infinity stretching outward and inward, this sense of the incomprehensibility of even the visible universe.

Humans, of course, have always been in awe looking up at the stars, have always felt small in the face of vastness. But one of the wonders of living at this time in history is that infinity is a whole lot bigger than it appeared to the ancients.

Modern cosmology sounds a death knell to rationalism and the pride of man, and I have never understood religious believers who feel threatened by scientific knowledge.

The only thing threatened by modern science, which reveals a complexity and vastness and mystery beyond all human comprehension, is idolatry, the making of comprehensible gods by humans intent on grasping the Infinite.

You can read the article here:http://www.npr.org/blogs/krulwich/2012/09/17/161096233/which-is-greater-the-number-of-sand-grains-on-earth-or-stars-in-the-sky

And this is a link to David Blatner’s website:http://www.spectrums.com/author/

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Enemies

As the heirs of Holy Rus are again killing one another, take this little test to see if you can tell the difference between Russia and Ukraine:

Churches: Russian or Ukrainian?

images

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Iconostases: Russian or Ukrainian?

Ch_Iconostasis

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Icons: Russian or Ukrainian?

Trinity

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Pysanky (Easter eggs): Russian or Ukrainian?

Collage

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Embroidery: Russian or Ukrainian?

ukrainian-embroidery-11884741

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Food: Russian or Ukrainian?

IMG_6452

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Babushkas: Russian or Ukrainian?

 

babushka

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Monks: Russian or Ukrainian?

 

14

Shimnik

Alphabets: Russian or Ukrainian?

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